fact sheet with stats and information.
Physicians and other health care providers may well be the first point of contact with trafficked people. They are brought in by their captors. Often their captors seem overly caring and speak for them (due to language barrier and because of control) Physicians need to develop their antenna for trafficking. Here's fact sheets in different languages from DHHS. Children in prostitution and in trafficking mandate an automatic report. Helping adults is more complex. The agency working on addressing human trafficking is the Dept of Labor. There is a national law preventing HT Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005. Getting people out of captivity and reporting the crime can occur if you report the finding. The downside is that it triggers an investigation in which the individual may or may not be deported. So they take a risk. But their life may be at risk in captivity.
Similar to IPV situations - separating oppressor from victim is key and getting a language translation service or individual can help.
Here's one example of a teaching unit on Trafficking from Mt Sinai/Osler/AMSA and Brown
Here's a nice powerpoint from the Floridian point of view:
Tips for the clinical exam:
At the very least - think about when you see dependent patients who are in low wage professions...they may be at risk. Knowing their options and sharing this with them can make a huge difference!
There is a Pennsylvania Lobbying Day to Prevent Trafficking on April 13th